Tajiriba Foundation is a nonprofit, non-partisan, non-governmental policy think tank established to create and share publicly usable knowledge worldwide. The Foundation is a volunteer global network of scholars and practitioners with expertise in a broad range of academic disciplines and areas of practical specialization dedicated to address some of the most fundamental questions on human existence.

Tajiriba Foundation

SCIENCE AS AN ACADEMIC ACTIVITY

The Perfect Theory: A Complete Unified Description of the Universe

Author: Geoffreyson Khamala  First Posited: 31st December 2012
Throughout the course of human history humans have sought to fully grasp and tame nature. Atomists described nature in the form of atoms and the surrounding void (empty space). Newtonian mechanics comprehended the natural world as being made up of particles and absolute space. Albert Einstein while explaining gravity suggested that the physical world is best understood as spatial (space) and temporal dimensions (time). Today all the conventional fundamental forces of nature, except gravity, are explained using the standard theory of particle physics. Albert Einstein’s theory of gravitation and the standard model are known to be inconsistent with each other. Whereas the quantum theory describes the micro world (the subatomic composition of the universe such as electrons and quarks), the general theory of relativity describes the macro world (cosmological scales such as stars, planets and galaxies). Einstein realized that the way out of the quagmire is to discover a theory of everything that would unify or explain through a single model all the fundamental interactions of nature. Einstein died before achieving this feat. Following Einstein, a number of scientists have attempted to originate theories of everything (denoted as quantum gravity) such as string theory, superstring theory, M-theory and loop quantum gravity. However, critics observe that these theories do not constrain the characteristics of the predicted universe(s) and/or are inconsistent with observations.

Is the Perfect Theory the Elusive Theory of Everything?

Author: Geoffreyson Khamala First Posited 4th April 2013

The universe is not what it appears to be. Since the beginning of human reflection, thinkers have attempted to discover and describe the universe as a single unifying whole without success. The Perfect Theory is a conversation with the world’s leading thinkers on the nature of reality. This write-up is an assessment of whether The Perfect Theory offers a credible alternative description of the universe in its every aspect. The write-up revisits apparently mundane issues such as why humans wear clothes, shake hands, mourn total strangers and even enemies, worship God, sexual reproduction instead of cloning, incest taboo, etc. The write-up also tackles the implication of travelling faster the speed of light, the desire for a universal language and the possibility for the emergence of the perfect state, world citizenry and perfect democracy. The write-up confronts Francis Fukuyama's suggestion that the triumpth of liberal democracy and market (globalization) marks the end of progression in human thought. The write-up fronts for a perfect economy characterized by zero unemployment, one world currency, free trade and mutual benefit and cooperation rather than artrvistic competition. The write-up concludes that it is absolutely satisfactory to anchor human progress on the village as the fulcrum of the universe in the wake of globalization.

 

What is Science? Science as An Adaptive Capacity

Author: Geoffreyson Khamala  First Posited: 15th January 2013
Science is a human imperative. Science was once understood as supernatural phenomenon, mythology and tradition. Science has also been explained as the quest for true knowledge (wisdom). Science is also understood as a form of knowledge, that is, knowledge of the natural world. Today science is understood as an approach of acquiring comprehension or rather the scientific method. Science is actually an adaptive competence. From early on, pioneer scientists discovered that daily life is governed by a universal plan. All phenomena (human and natural) conform to a general law. Science is the quest to understand and explain patterns in the physical world. Throughout the course of history, scientists have struggled to discover the ultimate law(s) of the universe. The edict of the universe is to sustain life. The universe was meant to last by means of unending adaptation. What drive science is the reality that humans and other living lives have never come to terms with their fate. Accordingly, what defines science is the goal or purpose not the method or any other criterion thereof. Science when understood this way captures every conceivable facet (i.e. social, political, economic, technological, and psychological) of human or any other living life, and natural processes such as volcanoes, earthquakes, storms, soil erosion, mountain formation, etc. In the holistic sense, therefore, science is what is done in academic institutions, research organizations, professional societies, industry, corporations, governmental institutions, non-governmental institutions, civil society and all other everyday activities in the universe. When it rains it is science as a practical activity, and when we ponder why it rains it is science as an academic engagement. Science is us. Science is the chronicle of our struggle to overcome our destiny. Science represents the incremental advancements in the way humans and other living lives harnesses nature to facilitate continued endurance and more.

Is Science Religion?
Author: Geoffreyson Khamala  First Posited: 15th February 2013
We are used to questioning if religion is science. However, it makes more sense to ask ourselves if science is religion. For many people, science and religion seem to be at odds with each other. Conversely, science and religion actually inform each other. Science and religion are united by a common purpose but are fundamentally separate methodologically. The Perfect Theory supports the compatibility of science and religion. Reciprocally science and religion seek to grasp why the universe exists, the purpose of our existence and what will come afterward. From this perspective, science and religion are epistemological equivalents. Science and religion are ways of knowing, understanding and managing the universe. Science and religion are an awareness of the perils of mortal life and the benefits of immortal living. Religion provides the vision and science attempts to fulfill the vision.

Reclaiming the Sahara: A Case of Universal Connectedness
Author: Geoffreyson Khamala  First Posited: 15th March 2013
The Sahara Desert Reclamation Project (SDRP) is an inclusive global endeavor to provide suitable conditions for human habitation of the Sahara and the food basket of the world. True, reclaiming the Sahara requires resource mobilization and an upgrade of technical skills. All the same, this is a win-win-win opportunity for the world economy because the success of the project (and the subsequent spill-over effects) will mean wiping a good portion of world unemployment and other sub-optimal outcomes especially economic fluctuations. The Sahara Desert Reclamation Project is about job creation, wealth creation, technological innovation and continentalwise infrastructure in clean water, transport, healthcare, education, finance, relief and reconstruction and agriculture. All that is required is for the whole of humanity to mobilize expertise, financial and material resources, and spare some time to turn Africa, repeatedly besmirched and degraded, into the friendliest continent on earth – the epicenter of human contact, expertise, trade and enterprise.

Sex and the Quest for Connectedness
Author: Geoffreyson Khamala 
Scientists have long struggled to explain why most creatures reproduce sexually when they could just clone themselves. Sexual reproduction evolved to encourage connectedness. Love is a virtuous emotional state of oneness characterized by a strong affection, personal attachment and kindness towards one's self, other humans, animals etc. Love may describe passionate desire and intimacy (romantic love), sexual love (eros), familial love (emotional closeness), friendship (platonic love), devotion (religious love) or a profound oneness encompassing all of those feelings. Love in its various forms acts as a major facilitator of interpersonal relationships and connectedness to the rest of the universe. When understood this way love is part of the survival instinct that facilitates the continuation of life. Love is often driven by either attachment or sexual attraction. For instance, the family is partly meant to provide emotional ties but is also a mating arrangement (exclusiveness). The family is a mechanism that every member of society will find someone to mate with (inclusiveness). The most noticeable aspect of the family is the incest taboo and the consequent identification of family members and relatives. The incest taboo is universal. It is suggested that because inbreeding leads to detrimental outcomes humans have learned to avoid sexual partners with whom one is likely to share genes. There is also the view that the incest prohibition is a deliberate cultural attempt to discourage endogamy in preference for exogamy for purposes of forging valuable alliances among otherwise unrelated households. The social solidarity resulting from such arrangements informs the construction, reinforcement and perpetuation of socio-political institutions that include lineage and descent groups, clans, ethnic groups, states, religions, races and civilizations. The human society is constituted by bonds of hope and bonds of fear. Humankind is self-centered, competitive and conflictual out of fear (the urge for self-preservation). Identity struggles and politics in the human society are not attempts to gain access to and control limited resources - the social (e.g., mates), biological (e.g., food), and physical (e.g., territory) rather humans are engaged in the pursuit to perpetuate life and eschew bereavement. Social behaviors such as mating patterns, territorial fights, pack hunting, slavery, colonialism, imperialism and war are therefore, seen as efforts to safeguard life (and avoid death).

Is Witchcraft A Form of Technology?
Author: Geoffreyson Khamala 
Science is an adaptive capability. Technology is the human adaptive capacity to manipulate the physical world. Pre-historical peoples expressed their capacity to tame nature in the form of witchcraft. Witchcraft was the forerunner of today’s quantum mechanics. Quantum mechanics holds that action-at-a-distance is practicable. Remote objects/events have a bearing on other distant objects/events without anything passing between them in an instantaneous manner (faster-than-light).

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SCIENCE AS A PRACTICAL ACTIVITY

The Model Citizen Project
The model citizen is the citizen of the world. The initiative hopes to nurture connectedness - to promote peaceful relations in the form of diplomacy, trade, knowledge exchange, shared emotions, shared spaces and other forms of human contact. Connectedness rooted in village life aims to act as a bridge of life worldwide. Through a shared purpose and value system we hope to enable people all over the world to have faith in democratic competition, unlock economic opportunity and to cope with global upheavals including unemployment, poverty, the perils of war and terrorist threats. Through an internet-based portal citizens of the world will be able to share and articulate their views, debate and vote on major pertinent issues all over the world (without recourse to violence).

The Zero Unemployment Project
The world population is always in need of a wider variety of goods and services. Conversely, the structure of the world economy today informed by the traditional reliance on economic growth-led employment is such that you can achieve very little by merely tinkering with macro-economic policy. You must sooner or later grapple with unpredictable economic shocks such as inflation, a volatile currency, a widening current account deficit or a domestic debt overhang. The standard economic theory assumes that job creation and start-ups comes as a byproduct of economic growth. However, through a civil society led process (involving the participation of the public and private sector) it is possible to re-organize and restructure the world economy so that we can employ fully the world human resource thence produce a wide range of goods and services. The Zero Unemployment Project is a job creation and enterprise initiative to give people work opportunities and the choice to avoid some engagements that are life-threatening or than that put the lives of other people at risk.

The De-viligization Project
Each year, millions of people across the globe move to cities. The demographic shift (movement of people) from rural to urban has been taking place for centuries as people seek to benefit from proximity, diversity and ease of mass transport, opportunity to assert individualism, social mobility, varied and high quality educational opportunities. Generally urban areas and cities have a larger variety of markets for goods and services. Businesses, which provide jobs and exchange capital are more concentrated in urban areas. Urban areas are also far more prone to overcrowding, violence, drugs, and other urban social problems. While rural migrants are attracted by the possibilities that cities can offer, they (urban poor) often settle in shanty towns, experience extreme poverty and often times they don't find productive employment. The standard expectation is that rural sector contains most of the poverty and most rural folks spend their lives in insecure, poorly paid or nonexistent jobs. They migrate to cities to find employment or education. Nonetheless, the world population is growing explosively such that cities can no longer cope with massive rural exodus. There is not enough housing, food, transportation, jobs, schools and health care to support the influx. Rural-urban migration eats into the village capacity for economic growth and industrial expansion. The loss of population in rural areas leads to the abandonment of shared spaces, emotions and contributes to a state of disconnectedness. Today economic forces indicate that villages have become the ideal places to locate businesses and recruit workers. The De-Vilagization Project hopes to promote rural drift (as a counter measure against rural flight) to inspire rapid and historic transformation of humanity a global scale with the village as the fulcrum. Planned village urbanization (labour intensive growth, supported by labour protection, flexible land use regulation and investments in basic services) can enable villages/rural areas to offer specialist services resulting in more numerous and varied job opportunities and also curb the flight of people (expertise) from rural areas. As more and more people of different specializations remain and/or troop to the villages to render goods and services urban growth result. The consequence will include livelihood opportunities, education, housing, transportation and access to health facilities. Conflict over land rights will also diminish. Connectedness rooted in village life aims to improve the standard of living in rural areas worldwide. Individuals (especially the elderly, pregnant mothers and accident victims) can cater for their health needs right in the village. Jobs availability at the village level will help in eliminating forced idleness. Ultimately, the De-Vilagization Project hopes to contract the globe into a village. The village (spatial location) has no boundary but does not extend infinitely because the universe is connected. The world is a connected village.

The Sahara Desert Reclamation Project
The experiences of slavery, colonialism and other forms of imperialism have inculcated in people all over the world the attitude of fear, mistrust and suspicion. Today the Sahara as informed by identity based discrimination is Africa’s great divide. However, a connectedness world requires co-operation, team work and friendship. The Sahara can be the epicenter of human contact, the people of Africa the friendliest people on earth and Africa the friendliest continent on the universe. The aim is to increase employment opportunities, brain circulation and cultivate goodwill through more irrigation schemes, construction of boreholes and dams and rehabilitation of arid and semi-arid lands to provide water for farming and local consumption in arid areas. Residents in arid areas can then engage in farming activities and uplift their living standards. It is also one way of developing alternatives to the reliance on rain-fed agriculture.

The Science/Immortality Project
Science is a cooperative activity where anyone around the world is a participant or can join in. The Science/Immortality Project will run under the following banners: Science as connectedness; Entertainment as science; Sports as connectedness; and Borders as Bridges of Life. Prolonged lifespan may be attained through advances in preventive and curative medicine, decline in unproductive and useless activities such as war, crime and terrorism, perfect democracy, zero unemployment, etc. Immortality may arise from the discovery of the death hormone, advances in technology, (i.e. biotechnology, artificial intelligence, robotics, aerospace research, engineered negligible senescence, and mind uploading), attainment of the perfect mind, etc.

The Model Science Village
Science villages are arenas where scientists and practitioners come together to grow, nurture and stimulate innovative and experimental activities that promote the advancement of perpetual living (immortality). The Model Science Village is the premier science village that will encourage connectivity, help develop scientific awareness, promote research and develop industrial and high-tech applications for practical use. The focus on villages in rural areas as the engine of scientific advancement aims to address the world’s growing urban-rural divide. The goal will be to harness the realities of rural life in order to help identify grassroots innovations, link them up with the corporate world and promote their wider use thereby to engage everyone in science (perfect employment) in order to accomplish life’s mission. The focus will be a mix of labour and capital-intensive technologies.

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